Donations to a candidate are actually donations to the candidate's primary campaign committee. That committee's financial information follows below. When looking at a politician's campaign for office, we ask two questions: where did the money come from, and where did the money go? Monthly, quarterly, and yearly reports show the money that has come in and the money that has been spent. Analyzing these reports gives us a high-level summary of how a campaign is doing.

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Two types of groups appear below.

Direct supporters are those groups (usually PACs) that are permitted by law to give money directly to a campaign. Generally speaking, there are limits to what a group or a person may give as a direct donation.

Indirect supporters are groups that may support the campaign, but not with direct donations. SuperPACs are an example of indirect supporters. SuperPACs may raise or spend unlimited funds on behalf of a candidate. However, by law they may not coordinate these expenditures with the candidate. The expenditures must be independent. The list below includes all groups that reported independent expenditures in support of this candidate.


Opposition groups are groups (primarily superPACs) that reported making independent expenditures in opposition to a candidate.

Total Spending by Groups

This treemap shows the groups that donated to the candidate's campaign and the groups that made independent expenditures for and against the candidate. Spending and donations are organized by size: Larger rectangles represent greater total donations or expenditures. Click to zoom in and see more detail on when the donations or expenditures were made, and how much they were for.


These numbers differ slightly from the summary information shown on the FEC website. The FEC shows only the "official" totals for a candidate's primary campaign committee. Independent expenditures are (by definition) supposed to be wholly independent. In practice, however, independent expenditures may have a substantial effect on a candidate's campaign.

The data seen here is downloaded from the FEC nightly and is not changed. However, humans collect data, and humans make mistakes. Any large data source may have errors. For example, occasionally a group may appear to be spending on behalf of and in opposition to a candidate. Follow up on this. It is likely to be either an interesting story or an error in the group's reports to the FEC.